The climate in Florence is typically Mediterranean, with high temperatures and sunny days in the summer and colder, damper weather in the winter. July and August are usually very hot and temperatures tend to stay around 30°C for much of this time. Florence's low seasons tends to fall between April to June and September to October. In the spring and autumn temperatures are at their most comfortable and pleasant.
The weather can prove unpredictable from November to February, when the city is at its most quiet, although it is generally fairly mild with plenty of sunshine. There can be heavy rain and occasional icy winds, so be sure to bring a warm overcoat, scarf and gloves.
If you are planning to visit outdoor locations, water-resistant boots or shoes with a good grip are recommended as the pavements can get very wet after heavy rain, and an umbrella can be a useful item to carry.
Florence is typically considered to have a Mediterranean climate, although under the Köppen climate classification it may be borderline humid subtropical (Cfa). It has hot, humid summers with little rainfall and cool, damp winters. Surrounded by hills in a river valley, Florence can be hot and humid from June to August. As Florence lacks a prevailing wind, summer temperatures are higher than along the coast. Rainfall in summer is convectional, while relief rainfall dominates in the winter, with some snow. The highest officially recorded temperature was 42.6 °C (108.7 °F) in 26 July 1983 and the lowest was −23.2 °C (−9.8 °F) on 12 January 1985.